Somani Family Dentistry uses latest techniques in restorative dentistry treatment to restore your smiles. Most common dental restorative materials used are as follows…
Crowns are tooth-shaped caps placed over teeth to restore their shape, size, strength, and to improve their appearance. Crowns are utilized when decay and/or damage to a tooth is so extensive it cannot be properly restored with fillings or inlays/onlays. They are necessary for a number of reasons: to protect weak teeth from breaking or holding together parts of cracked teeth, restoring already broken teeth or teeth that have been severely worn down, to hold a dental bridge in place, to cover misshapen or severely discolored teeth, and to cover dental implants. Crowns are fabricated from a number of materials: metal (gold alloy, palladium, base alloys such as nickel or chromium), porcelain fused to metal, all ceramic or porcelain, all resin, and acrylic. Each material has advantages and disadvantages. Feel free to contact our office for further information. It takes two appointments to fabricate a crown. In the first appointment all decay is removed from the tooth and the tooth is prepared for the crown. Impressions of the tooth are then taken. At the second visit, the crown is delivered and cemented.
A veneer is a thin layer of restorative material placed over a tooth surface either to improve esthetics or protect a damaged tooth surface. Two main types of material are used to fabricate veneers: composite and porcelain. Composite veneers can be either be directly placed (built in the mouth such as white fillings), or indirectly created by a dental technician in a laboratory and later bonded to the tooth with a resin cement. Porcelain veneers, however, are only indirectly fabricated. If a patient prefers the placement of a direct composite veneer, it only takes one appointment. With indirectly fabricated veneers however, it will require a minimum of two appointments. Impressions of the mouth will be taken in the first appointment, and the final finished veneers will be placed in the second appointment. Veneers typically require a very minimal amount of tooth reduction and preparation to enhance retention. Lumineers are indirectly fabricated veneers that have two major advantages over normal veneers: they are significantly thinner and they don’t require any tooth preparation. Veneers/Lumineers can close spaces between teeth, lengthen teeth that have been shortened by wear, provide a uniform color, shape and symmetry to a smile, and can make crooked teeth appear straight.
Are also known as fixed partial dentures. They serve to bridge the gap created by one or more missing teeth. For example, if a patient presented to our office with an upper first molar missing, a bridge could be created from the second molar to the second premolar thereby filling in the gap created by the missing first molar. A bridge is composed of two crowns placed on the teeth on either side of the gap and a false tooth/teeth (also a crown) in between. The two teeth on either side of the gap are the anchors (or abutments) of the bridge. Thus, how long a bridge lasts largely depends on the health of the abutment teeth. Bridges have a number of advantages: they can help restore your smile and ability to properly chew and speak, distribute the forces in your bite properly by replacing missing teeth, and prevent remaining teeth from drifting out of position. Another advantage to choosing a bridge over a regular partial denture (which is generally cheaper) is that the bridge is much more aesthetic and is cemented into your mouth. As such, it has significantly better retention and comfort without the hassle of constant removal and insertion. Bridges are fabricated from the same materials that crowns are: metal, porcelain fused to metal, all ceramic or porcelain, all resin, and acrylic. Fabrication and delivery of a bridge generally takes two, possibly three, appointments. In the first appointment, the abutment teeth are prepared and impressions are taken. A temporary bridge is also created and cemented into the patient’s mouth until they receive the permanent bridge. At the second visit, the temporary bridge is removed and the final bridge is placed. If the patient likes the outcome and the dentist is satisfied with the function and aesthetics the bridge is cemented.
Prosthetic devices used to replace missing teeth and are supported by soft and hard tissues of the mouth. They are removable. For people who are missing all their teeth dentures have a number of advantages: they can give patients a smile again, patients who previously were missing teeth can now chew their food, they allow patients to speak properly, and enhance aesthetics. A disadvantage of conventional dentures is that since they are removable they rely on a patient’s hard and soft tissues for retention. In certain situations retention is not as strong as a person would prefer which could lead to some discomfort. However, our office also fabricates implant-retained over-dentures. Essentially, a number of dental implants are surgically placed in a patient’s mouth (either by an oral surgeon or periodontist), a certain period of time is given to heal, and custom dentures are then fitted onto the implants for significantly increased retention. These dentures can still be removed. Denture fabrication typically takes 3-4 appointments. The first appointment is used to determine whether dentures would be suitable, and impressions and a bite registration are taken. At the second visit a preliminary denture model is tried in the patient’s mouth to ensure proper function, speech, aesthetics, and bite. Once everything is adjusted to the patient’s and dentist’s satisfaction, the dentures are sent to a dental laboratory. Final dentures are typically delivered by the third visit. Our office also fabricates a number of variations of the conventional denture. For more information please call or drop by.
These are an alternative form of treatment for people that cannot have a bridge for any number of reasons. They serve the same purpose a bridge does: to replace missing teeth for functional and aesthetic reasons. However, they are removable and are not cemented in the mouth. As such, they do not produce the same level of retention, comfort, and natural feel that bridges, or fixed partial dentures, provide. For retention partial dentures rely on soft and hard tissue support in the mouth as well as metal clasps that are anchored around specific teeth in the mouth. At the first appointment, the teeth (to which the partial denture clasps will anchor) are prepared and impressions are taken. The next visit is generally a try-in visit to ensure proper function, speech, bite, and aesthetics. At the third appointment the partial denture is delivered to the patient.